A Guide to Proper Antenna Alignment

Today we live in a very high-tech world where we have become very reliant on devices that are driven by signals from cell phone towers to make them happen. It is important for the antenna to be installed properly and aligned to the proper specifications.


Ideal antenna alignment would ensure compliance with all regulatory and frequency coordination rules, and would maximize system performance and provide system reliability. To ensure antenna alignment is done properly, specialized tools are available to help with the installation and alignment.


Various different factors will impede the alignment of an antenna, things which may include:


The weather can effect the installation of an antenna in many ways. Sometimes they may be stalled for installation due to weather conditions such as ice, lightning, hurricane, i.e. more extreme weather conditions as it would not be safe to be climbing – and safety is of importance. Other times, weather can effect installation in the case where it can effect alignment by way of high wind. The technician may be able to climb, but has a hard time getting the right alignment set.


Installer Error- Sometimes the installer can be the issue when there is not a proper alignment and other reasons have been eliminated. The installer may have been frustrated, tired, or have lack of knowledge or experience that effected the job.


Proper Construction and Installation – Due to the uncertainty of location type, it is often best to construct the antenna at an offsite location if you are able to. A controlled environment will help minimize the likelihood of misplacing any small parts such as screws. It may be more comfortable, and focus may be better as well – so construction may go quicker.


It is imperative that installers be properly trained to grasp the full functionality of all of the different types of antennas, the proper tools that should be utilized, and proper installation techniques.


There are many different types of accessories that can be useful for installation purposes and also maintaining the alignment of your various antennas. An antenna alignment tool is useful during equipment installation or checking your antenna position. The tilt, roll, and azimuth are checked while also indicating the height of the antenna from the ground. Whatever position you want for the antenna can be entered on-site or prior to being installed. Records can be later downloaded and analyzed not only by management, but also by quality control departments and even contracting companies in CV and PDF form to certify that the installation was competed as required. This can be important if there are any questions regarding the installation, since the data used to complete the installation process will have been stored.


A great addition to your antenna is an antenna attitude sensor as it helps to ensure that your antenna alignment doesn’t change over time. It is permanently mounted to ensure stability. The sensors take measurements every day, letting you know the precise tilt, roll, and azimuth of each sector antenna.



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